Chromebook basic tweaks and tips for Crouton

Here are the first set of basic applications that I installed in my Ubuntu environment. All the applications (including Ubuntu OS) took about 2 GB of disk space.  If you are NOT planning to use Ubuntu on regular basis ,and just wanted to install essential applications that are not available in Chrome OS, the default 16GB of disk space is more than enough to install all for the following applications.

How to Install Crouton and Ubuntu on Chromebook

Acer ChromebookThere are a bunch of tutorials and step-by-step instructions on how to do this.  The simplest, easiest instructions to follow me was:

How to Install Ubuntu Linux on Your Chromebook with Crouton

There is another article that also lists the install commands with various options:

How to install Ubuntu on your Chromebook using Crouton

Just scroll down to the lower portion of the article where the author begin listing various command options.  I typed “sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -r trusty -t unity -e” since I wanted to install Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (Trusty) with Unity Desktop, and with encription.

Optional: How to Install Crouton on SD Card

If you need little extra space, install Ubuntu in SD Card instead of directly in the hard drive. The loading speed will be slower so I wouldn’t recommend this to heavy Ubuntu user, but if you use Ubuntu occasionally this is an option.

Do the following steps PRIOR to the Crouton installation:

  1. Format the SD Card to ext2 file system (You can follow this video tutorial)
  2. Insert the formatted SD card in the chromebook
  3. Open a terminal (ctrl + alt + t) and type “shell” to get started
  4. enter “cd /usr/local”
  5. enter “sudo mkdir /media/removable/sd-card-name/chroots”
  6. enter “sudo ln -s /media/removable/sd-card-name/chroots/ chroots”

How to Log In and Out of Crouton

  1. Press Ctrl+Alt+T to bring up a terminal on your Chromebook
  2. Type “shell” and hit Enter key
  3. Type “sudo enter-chroot” and hit Enter key
  4. If you want to login as a root, type “sudo startxfce4” and hit Enter key
    If you want to login as a non-root user, type “startfce4” and hit Enter key
Can’t login as non-root user?

The chances are you’ve logged in as root before. If that’s the case here is what you do:

  1. login as root
  2. go to “/home/username/” using File Manager
  3. make sure “show Hidden Files are checked under “View” menu
  4. Delete “.ICEauthority” file in the folder
  5. logout
  6. login as non-root user

Sharing Files Between Chrome OS Environment and Ubuntu Environment

There is not much to do to share the files. The folder “Downloads” in each environment  contain the same content.

  • To get to “Downloads” folder in Chome OS – Start “Files” App
  • To get to “Downloads” folder in Ubuntu Environment – it’s under “home” folder for non-root user. If you are logged in as root, log out and re-login as non-root user.  or go to “/home/username/downloads” using File Manager

How to Install GUI Update Manager

  1. Open a terminal and type “sudo apt-get install update-manager synaptic

How to Make HDMI Work Under Ubuntu Environment

Well it’s not so much “how”…because I didn’t get it to work with Ubuntu 12.04 or 13.10. But by installing Ubuntu 14.04 LTS  (Trusty), HDMI works out of the box. So unless, you have a specific reason to install older version of Ubuntu, go with 14.04 LTS.

How to Install Chrome Browser in Ubuntu Environment

  1. Go to https://www.google.com/intl/en-US/chrome/browser/ with a web browser in Ubuntu
  2. Click “Download Chrome” (NOTE: The download button may not work with NetSurf Web Browser. In that case, install Firefox Browser first then install Chrome Browser)
  3. Double Click the downloaded file which will open Package Installer
  4. Click “Install Package”
Don’t Know Which Version of Chrome To Download?
  1. Go to a terminal and type “uname -a”
  2. If 32-bit it will display a text containing “i386“. If 64-bit it will display a text containing “x86_64
  3. If 32-bit, download 32 bit .deb. If 64-bit, download 64 bit .deb

How to Install Firefox Browser in Ubuntu Environment

  1. Go to a terminal and type “sudo apt-get update
  2. then type “sudo apt-get install firefox

How to Install Filezilla Client

  1. In Terminal Window Type “sudo apt-get install filezilla
  2. Type “Y” to continue with the installation when prompted.

How to Install Skype

  1. Using Chrome Browser, go to http://www.skype.com/en/download-skype/skype-for-computer/
  2. Select “Ubuntu 12.04 (multiarch)” for Ubuntu 12.04 or higher which will prompt you to download a .deb file.
  3. Double Click the downloaded file which will open Package Installer
  4. Click “install package”

Resources: How to Install Ubuntu Linux on Your Chromebook with Croutoni don’t want to be root

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